SAACID
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Governance
With the complete collapse of the Somali state in January of 1991, Somalia became the first nation state in the modern era to completely vanish. from the global community. Efforts by western and UN entities failed to reconstitute the state, and for all practical purposes, those interests walked away from Somalia in 1996. It wasn't until extremist attacks again US financial interests i New York in 2001 that western interests seriously began to review its ties with Somalia. Out of that review process came the view that Somalia could be managed by supporting Somali warlords, who mimicked western narratives and interests.

Indigenous frustration with the 'warlord' paradigm increasingly grew, and spilled over in 2006, when broad community support for the mobilisation of clan militias linked to Union of Islamic Courts (UIC) lead to the overthrow of the warlord nexus. By the end of 2006, the UIC controlled most of south and central Somalia. This proved too much for western interests and neighbouring states, and, in December 2007 Ethiopia invaded Somalia and occupied key towns and cities throughout the country. A Transitional Federal Government (TFG) was formed, and with western and UN help, imitated the idea of a nation state. Thus legitimisating the intervention and occupation of Somali territory to suppress extremist groups emerging in Somali territory.

Cost, casualties and ongoing rights abuses eventually forced a temporary Ethiopian withdrawal from Somalia, and and African Union force (AMISOM) formal took over the Ethiopian occupation (with Ethiopia being invited to reoccupy parts of Somalia under the AU banner. from 2006 till 2017, Somali forces were not trusted by western and UN interests.

In 2012, a quorum of elders form across Somalia elected Somalia's first internationally recognised President and Somali Federal Government (SFG) government since the fall of the previous government in 1991. In 2017, and expanded quorum of Somali elite elected a second SFG and president.

In the 21 Century to date, virtually no investment has been made in democracy and rule-of-law education for grassroots communities throughout Somalia. The funding that has been made available has been funneled into centralised 'institution building', with the result that there is an ever widening chasm between grassroots communities and western supported governance structures.

It remains SAACID's position that until significant and sustained funding is allocated to grassroots education and partnership development in the area of democracy and rule-of-law, indigenous communities will remain deeply suspicious of 'western' attempts to usurp cultural and historical traditions, and no systemic advance of governance in Somalia will occur.