SAACID has operated programming in the emergency relief sector since 1991 in Somalia. At that time, Somalia suffered an acute humanitarian crisis, in which it is estimated that more than 2 million Somalis were at risk of death through starvation (and the concomitant diseases that accompany insufficient nutrition). At that time SAACID partnered the ICRC in setting up 75 'wet' food centres (where food is cooked and prepared to eat) in central Somalia (also see health programming).
Since that time SAACID has responded to regular emergencies caused by drought, fire, flood, tsunami and war with innovative programming strategies. As such, SAACID's emergency relief programmes often serve as emergency relief to the most vulnerable, while also supporting livelihoods and stimulating economic and infrastructure recovery.
For example, canal rehabilitation can be a response to flooding, but serves as a cash/food-for-work programme while building infrastructure - and considerably increases harvest yields. Drought and war - resulting in food crises and population displacement - call for emergency assistance for internally displaced people (IDPs). SAACID has also responded with IDP settlement rehabilitation, which has provided life-sustaining incomes and a safer environment for IDPs employed to clean IDP settlements. Tsunami recovery is another such example.
These emergency relief programmes which have a dual impact on livelihoods and development are thus included within our Livelihoods and Development Sector.
Emergency Relief programmes included under this sector are strictly for emergency services provided primarly to IDPs - such as food, water, sanitation, healthcare, nutrition, and emergency education (for children in IDP camps).
The most recent emergency that SAACID is responding to is the massive displacement of an estimated 1,200,000 Internal Displaced Persons (IDPs) inside and outside Mogadishu City; that has been caused by violent conflict between a UN and Western-backed Transitional Federal Government (TFG) and opposition factions.
SAACID has targeted IDP settlements in Mogadishu and in targeted areas in Middle and Lower Shabelle, for emergency dry food distribution. The emergency aid has gone to IDPs that are most at risk of starvation – an increasing threat in central Somalia today.
The emergency assistance has been a combination of food, water and sanitation.
See Famine Response for information about SAACID's response to the 2011 Somali Famine.
Providing a food recipient card to an IDP in a Mogadishu IDP camp
Examples of SAACID's recent coverage includes:
From November 2007 to 31 January 2009, SAACID delivered 494,732,690 litres of potable drinking water via daily emergency water trucking services to 140,000 IDPs
February 2009 until June 2012 (ongoing), SAACID has delivered 541,733,340 litres
of fresh drinking water to ~30,000 IDPs via a deep well bore hole.
From April 2007 until June 2009, SAACID has rehabilitated 49 public wells in Mogadishu for IDPs and urban poor.
5,000 jerry cans distributed for water storage
900 emergency latrines constructed
21,000 Mosquito nets distributed in Adale District
Dry food distributions to 180,000 IDPs on a monthly basis since June 2007 to December 2009
From November 2007 to 29 February 2012, SAACID delivered some 88,546,303 hot lifesaving meals to the most vulnerable within Mogadishu City (see Mogadishu Food Kitchens).
SAACID has strong expertise in practical emergency relief programming
in the Somali context. If you would like to know more about our
emergency relief programming, please feel free to contact us.